Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a silent health problem which is can often be easily prevented. Periodontal disease is an inflammatory condition in which the gums respond to the plaque and other debris around the teeth. As much as 80% of the population has some form of periodontal disease and many of these individuals don't even realize it.
The condition begins as gingivitis in which the gums inflame. Sometimes, when you floss, you will see blood – this is probably a sign of periodontal disease. As the condition progresses and bone loss occurs as a result of the inflammation, the condition is called periodontitis. Often only in more advanced cases of periodontitis is the condition painful. So, it is so important to catch this disease early to treat it before it progresses, needs more extensive and invasive treatment and risks the loss of your teeth. And when periodontal disease is treated, it is important to maintain the treatment.
A lot like diabetes, periodontal disease is not cured, but rather is maintained over the life of the patient. After all, the deterioration of both diseases can become life-threatening if allowed to progress. This is why it is so important to keep your gums healthy.